/* thw3.c: WIN32 THREAD MANAGER
 *
 * $Id: //info.ravenbrook.com/project/mps/master/code/thw3.c#16 $
 * Copyright (c) 2001-2020 Ravenbrook Limited.  See end of file for license.
 *
 * Implements thread registration, suspension, and stack and register
 * scanning. <design/thread-manager>.
 *
 * .thread.id: The thread id is used to identify the current thread.
 * .thread.handle: The thread handle needs the enough access to
 * be able to suspend threads and to get their context.  i.e.
 * .thread.handle.susp-res: THREAD_SUSPEND_RESUME access
 * .thread.handle.get-context: THREAD_GET_CONTEXT access
 * An appropriate handle is created on registration.
 *
 *
 * ASSUMPTIONS
 *
 * .error: some major errors are assumed not to happen.
 * .error.close-handle: CloseHandle is assumed to succeed.
 *
 * Other errors are assumed to only happen in certain circumstances.
 * .error.resume: ResumeThread is assumed to succeed unless the thread
 * has been destroyed (in fact, perversely, it appears to succeed even
 * when the thread has been destroyed).
 * .error.suspend: SuspendThread is assumed to succeed unless the thread
 * has been destroyed.
 *
 * .stack.full-descend: assumes full descending stack, that is, stack
 * pointer points to the last allocated location and stack grows
 * downwards.
 *
 * .stack.below-bottom: it's legal for the stack pointer to be at a
 * higher address than the registered bottom of stack. This might
 * happen if the stack of another thread doesn't contain any frames
 * belonging to the client language. In this case, the stack should
 * not be scanned.
 *
 * .stack.align: assume roots on the stack are always word-aligned,
 * but don't assume that the stack pointer is necessarily word-aligned
 * at the time of reading the context of another thread.
 *
 * .nt: uses Win32 specific stuff
 * HANDLE
 * DWORD
 * GetCurrentProcess
 * DuplicateHandle
 * THREAD_SUSPEND_RESUME
 * GetCurrentThreadId
 * CloseHandle
 * SuspendThread
 * ResumeThread
 */

#include "mpm.h"

#if !defined(MPS_OS_W3) /* .nt */
#error "thw3.c is specific to MPS_OS_W3"
#endif

#include "prmcw3.h"
#include "mpswin.h"

SRCID(thw3, "$Id: //info.ravenbrook.com/project/mps/master/code/thw3.c#16 $");


typedef struct mps_thr_s {      /* Win32 thread structure */
  Sig sig;                      /* <design/sig> */
  Serial serial;                /* from arena->threadSerial */
  Arena arena;                  /* owning arena */
  RingStruct arenaRing;         /* threads attached to arena */
  Bool alive;                   /* thread believed to be alive? */
  HANDLE handle;                /* Handle of thread, see
                                 * <code/thw3.c#thread.handle> */
  DWORD id;                     /* Thread id of thread */
} ThreadStruct;


Bool ThreadCheck(Thread thread)
{
  CHECKS(Thread, thread);
  CHECKU(Arena, thread->arena);
  CHECKL(thread->serial < thread->arena->threadSerial);
  CHECKD_NOSIG(Ring, &thread->arenaRing);
  return TRUE;
}


Bool ThreadCheckSimple(Thread thread)
{
  CHECKS(Thread, thread);
  return TRUE;
}


Res ThreadRegister(Thread *threadReturn, Arena arena)
{
  Res res;
  Thread thread;
  HANDLE procHandle;
  BOOL b;
  void *p;

  AVER(threadReturn != NULL);
  AVERT(Arena, arena);

  res = ControlAlloc(&p, arena, sizeof(ThreadStruct));
  if(res != ResOK)
    return res;
  thread = (Thread)p; /* avoid pun */

  /* Duplicate handle gives us a new handle with updated privileges.
   * .thread.handle describes the ones needed.
   */
  procHandle = GetCurrentProcess();

  b = DuplicateHandle(procHandle, GetCurrentThread(), procHandle,
                       &thread->handle,
                       THREAD_SUSPEND_RESUME | THREAD_GET_CONTEXT,
                       FALSE, 0);
  if(!b)
    return ResRESOURCE;

  thread->id = GetCurrentThreadId();

  RingInit(&thread->arenaRing);

  thread->sig = ThreadSig;
  thread->serial = arena->threadSerial;
  ++arena->threadSerial;
  thread->arena = arena;
  thread->alive = TRUE;

  AVERT(Thread, thread);

  RingAppend(ArenaThreadRing(arena), &thread->arenaRing);

  *threadReturn = thread;
  return ResOK;
}

void ThreadDeregister(Thread thread, Arena arena)
{
  Bool b;

  AVERT(Thread, thread);
  AVERT(Arena, arena);

  RingRemove(&thread->arenaRing);

  thread->sig = SigInvalid;

  RingFinish(&thread->arenaRing);

  b = CloseHandle(thread->handle);
  AVER(b); /* .error.close-handle */

  ControlFree(arena, thread, sizeof(ThreadStruct));
}


/* mapThreadRing -- map over threads on ring calling a function on
 * each one except the current thread.
 *
 * Threads that are found to be dead (that is, if func returns FALSE)
 * are moved to deadRing.
 */

static void mapThreadRing(Ring threadRing, Ring deadRing, Bool (*func)(Thread))
{
  Ring node, next;
  DWORD id;

  AVERT(Ring, threadRing);
  AVERT(Ring, deadRing);
  AVER(FUNCHECK(func));

  id = GetCurrentThreadId();
  RING_FOR(node, threadRing, next) {
    Thread thread = RING_ELT(Thread, arenaRing, node);
    AVERT(Thread, thread);
    AVER(thread->alive);
    if (id != thread->id /* .thread.id */
        && !(*func)(thread))
    {
      thread->alive = FALSE;
      RingRemove(&thread->arenaRing);
      RingAppend(deadRing, &thread->arenaRing);
    }
  }
}

static Bool suspendThread(Thread thread)
{
  /* .thread.handle.susp-res */
  /* .error.suspend */
  /* In the error case (SuspendThread returning -1), we */
  /* assume the thread has been terminated. */
  /* [GetLastError appears to return 5 when SuspendThread is called */
  /* on a terminated thread, but I'm not sufficiently confident of this */
  /* to check -- drj 1998-04-09] */
  return SuspendThread(thread->handle) != (DWORD)-1;
}

void ThreadRingSuspend(Ring threadRing, Ring deadRing)
{
  mapThreadRing(threadRing, deadRing, suspendThread);
}

static Bool resumeThread(Thread thread)
{
  /* .thread.handle.susp-res */
  /* .error.resume */
  /* In the error case (ResumeThread returning -1), we */
  /* assume the thread has been terminated. */
  return ResumeThread(thread->handle) != (DWORD)-1;
}

void ThreadRingResume(Ring threadRing, Ring deadRing)
{
  mapThreadRing(threadRing, deadRing, resumeThread);
}


Thread ThreadRingThread(Ring threadRing)
{
  Thread thread;
  AVERT(Ring, threadRing);
  thread = RING_ELT(Thread, arenaRing, threadRing);
  AVERT(Thread, thread);
  return thread;
}

/* Must be thread-safe. <design/interface-c#.check.testt>. */

Arena ThreadArena(Thread thread)
{
  AVER(TESTT(Thread, thread));
  return thread->arena;
}

Res ThreadDescribe(Thread thread, mps_lib_FILE *stream, Count depth)
{
  Res res;

  res = WriteF(stream, depth,
               "Thread $P ($U) {\n", (WriteFP)thread, (WriteFU)thread->serial,
               "  arena $P ($U)\n",
               (WriteFP)thread->arena, (WriteFU)thread->arena->serial,
               "  alive $S\n", WriteFYesNo(thread->alive),
               "  handle $W\n",      (WriteFW)thread->handle,
               "  id $U\n",          (WriteFU)thread->id,
               "} Thread $P ($U)\n", (WriteFP)thread, (WriteFU)thread->serial,
               NULL);
  if(res != ResOK)
    return res;

  return ResOK;
}


Res ThreadScan(ScanState ss, Thread thread, Word *stackCold,
               mps_area_scan_t scan_area, void *closure)
{
  DWORD id;
  Res res;

  id = GetCurrentThreadId();

  if (id != thread->id) { /* .thread.id */
    MutatorContextStruct context;
    Word *stackBase, *stackLimit;
    Addr stackPtr;

    /* scan stack and register roots in other threads */
    /* .thread.handle.get-context */
    res = MutatorContextInitThread(&context, thread->handle);
    if (res != ResOK) {
      /* .error.get-context */
      /* We assume that the thread must have been destroyed. */
      /* We ignore the situation by returning immediately. */
      return ResOK;
    }

    stackPtr = MutatorContextSP(&context);
    /* .stack.align */
    stackBase  = (Word *)AddrAlignUp(stackPtr, sizeof(Word));
    stackLimit = stackCold;
    if (stackBase >= stackLimit)
      return ResOK;    /* .stack.below-bottom */

    /* scan stack inclusive of current sp and exclusive of
     * stackCold (.stack.full-descend)
     */
    res = TraceScanArea(ss, stackBase, stackLimit,
                        scan_area, closure);
    if (res != ResOK)
      return res;

    /* Scan registers. */
    res = MutatorContextScan(ss, &context, scan_area, closure);
    if (res != ResOK)
      return res;

  } else { /* scan this thread's stack */
    res = StackScan(ss, stackCold, scan_area, closure);
    if (res != ResOK)
      return res;
  }

  return ResOK;
}


void ThreadSetup(void)
{
  /* Nothing to do as MPS does not support fork() on Windows. */
}


/* C. COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
 *
 * Copyright (C) 2001-2020 Ravenbrook Limited <https://www.ravenbrook.com/>.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are
 * met:
 *
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS
 * IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
 * TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A
 * PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT
 * HOLDER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL,
 * SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE
 * OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */